I’ve been applying to job postings for which I meet all the criteria, and I mean all of them. I figure that’s one way to beat my competition — to really stand out. How much job competition am I likely to have if I do that? I was one of over 70 people they screened and one of 16 they interviewed. And it happened again, I didn’t get an offer. I wasn’t even a finalist. There has to be a way to minimize competition from the start, I just haven’t figured it out. Is it really possible that 70 other applicants met all the criteria? I doubt it, so why do companies entertain so many candidates? How do I improve my odds from the start?

Nick’s Reply

job competitionEmployers complain they can’t find the right people to hire and I think it’s because their recruiting is a herding task. They solicit too widely. This yields a preponderance of undistinguished candidates with a low probability of finding anyone that stands out.

Recruiting job applicants: More is not better

When employers post a job online, they’re casting a wide net. But more is not better. And it’s even worse because cattle-call “recruiting technology” makes it so easy to invite loads of marginal or even totally wrong applicants. It yields more of the same.

Look at the math. In your case 70 applicants were screened and 16 interviewed. HR will tell us “We got a lot of candidates to pick from!” This means they made 70-16=54 errors. That’s a lot of wasted overhead. Imagine how often this plays out. Employers will routinely sort through thousands of applications, whether manually or via software. They believe (irrationally) that the more candidates they have to choose from, the better the hire they will eventually make. (See  Reductionist Recruiting: A short history of why you can’t get hired.)

Your competition is loads of wrong applicants

I believe this approach is actually likely to diminish the quality of hire they make, simply because they are sorting and interviewing many more wrong candidates than necessary. Often, the result is that they hire none and are mystified about why.

When a company hires the best of a large number of candidates, most of whom are disqualified, it is gambling, not really selecting. If the best hire it could possibly make is among loads of “noise” — dozens or hundreds of wrong applicants — what goes up is not the chances of making the right hire, but of missing the best hire among the noise.

Avoid job competition

What does all this have to do with the job competition you face, and how can you avoid it to increase your chances of really matching a job and getting an offer? This “more is better” fallacy reveals a really straightforward alternative that you can immediately use to diminish your competition and increase your chances of getting hired: The best way to avoid competition is to not go near it. That is, stay away from the databases full of applicants that are stocked by online job postings and job boards like LinkedIn and Indeed.

Fisherman’s Wharf

When I lived in Palo Alto, California, I often had guests from the east coast. I’d take them touring around the Bay Area. When we got to San Francisco, everyone wanted to go to Fisherman’s Wharf. It was all I could do to dissuade them: “Fisherman’s Wharf is a tourist trap.”

“No, no — we heard it’s great! Everyone told us to go there! We want to see Pier 39! We want to eat crabs and sourdough bread!”

Of course everyone told them to go there. That’s San Francisco’s crowd-management marketing at work.

The HR Corral: Where the cattle go

San Francisco is a small city, surrounded by water on three sides, with no possibility of sprawling out. Residents and people that work in the city suffer enormous congestion on streets and sidewalks. I’ve always surmised that the city intentionally drives visitors to aggregate in and around Fisherman’s Wharf. The city’s marketing seems to keep visitors corralled there, offering many distractions that attract tourist dollars and time — while keeping those teeming hordes out of everyone else’s way.

The job boards and databases serve the same purpose, if unintentionally. They are a corral not unlike Fisherman’s Wharf. Job seekers flock to them because HR tells them to gather there, stand and wait, like tourists eager to be fleeced, like cattle to the slaughter. “Jobs websites” are designed and marketed to make them seem the best way to apply for jobs. Even HR believes they are the easiest way to recruit and hire.

Steer away from job competition

If you steer away from the madding crowds of Fisherman’s Wharf, you’ll find a lovely city with interesting things to do and people to meet. Every city dweller has a tip about the best restaurants, the hippest bars, the best neighborhood shopping and the coolest little-known sights. All you have to do is circulate solo, without a frightening horde surrounding you. You’ll find all kinds of wonderful experiences in San Francisco — and little interference from competition.

This is why you can’t seem to beat the odds: you’re allowing yourself to be corralled with all your competition. It’s easy to avoid the competition. Don’t go where the competition accumulates. Reduce your competition and increase your chances of getting hired.

5 tips for less job competition

Skip any gate or doorway to job-database corrals. Go where “the locals” hang out. Managers with hidden job needs, and people that can introduce you to their managers, hang out in accessible places that aren’t crowded with your competitors.

  1. Attend continuing education and training programs where you’ll find people that do the work you want to do.
  2. Participate in professional events where your future colleagues gather. It’s a low-pressure, fun way to meet insiders that can help you.
  3. Go have a drink or a meal where employees of your target companies socialize.
  4. Join in and contribute to the online work-related forums frequented by professionals you’d like to work with.
  5. Study the business media that cover the people, work, products, technologies and business dealings of companies you’d like to work for. Make it a game or puzzle: Try to suss out what jobs may be opening up based on news about a company. Contact the movers and shakers you read about, ask about their work and ask for advice.

Avoid Fisherman’s Wharf. Avoid corrals where your competition is penned up — but be grateful for them! Less competition means more high quality professional contacts for you. To improve your odds from the start, go where the insiders are more likely to welcome you because you’re not part of a cattle drive.

What’s the best way to avoid the herd (and job competition) when looking for work? Or, is it better to “play the numbers” and apply to job postings everyone else uses?

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  1. So true. LinkedIn is useful only to have your contact info available to your network.

    After 30+ years of professional life, I think I can say that every single successful job opportunity I got was via my contacts.

    Your 5 tips are spot-on. I’ve used all of them except for no.3, simply because i work remotely.

    Thanks for all the invaluable advice you’ve shared, I’ve gratefully absorbed a lot of it for nearly 20 years now!

  2. @Dr. Tilbury: Thanks for your kind words. Now I can say Ask The Headhunter is approved by doctors! There are lots of tools we can use when job hunting. It’s important to know what each is, and isn’t, good for.

  3. The only disagreement I have is that, as a contractor, I play a numbers game as well. It’s a completely different process than FTE’s (I’d hate to have to play their games). I’m not looking for a life time job, but a right now job. Indeed and LinkedIn help.

  4. As a headhunter I learned that the actual job requirements are ALWAYS changing! We were instructed, on every second contact with the hiring authority, to review the five most wanted qualities in the successful applicant. They always changed, even two days apart! So, when you recontact the hiring authority, and especially in and during the interview, ask them to repeat to you their (current) five most wanted qualifications. THAT will help you get the job, because nobody else will be asking that question. Its especially good to ask at the beginning of the first interview, because there have probably been several days or more sice they drafted the job specs.

    • @Wes: That’s a great tip for job seekers! Thanks!

  5. This is accurate. I’ve never been hired from a job board posting.

  6. Linkedin is a here I am contact tool. I never did any apply here stuff. It never worked. It is a total waste of time, But the headhunters sometimes use it to find me. And I can screen them first. The first question to be answered are they a retained recruiter or a contingency recruiter? I always go with a contingency recruiter. they don’t get paid if they don’t place. The retained recruiter, well if he produces a stream of resumes, he keeps his job and expense form for paying the bar tab.
    Also, you are outsourcing the wasted time to someone else, not you.

  7. Oh no! Turkey too dry? Just use more gravy. ?

  8. I’ve no idea who this raving nutter is but I’d ban them just for being an annoying idiot.

  9. I’ve been applying to job postings for which I meet all the criteria, and I mean all of them. I figure that’s one way to beat my competition — to really stand out.
    This statement emphasizes a job hunt/application misconception.
    You DON’T want to stand out.
    You want to MATCH what is required…and nothing else.
    You might think that including you are an Eagle Scout will be helpful – unless the interviewer had a problem with Boy Scouts…or never got their Eagle.
    You might think that completing six marathons shows tenacity and planning and will put you above the rest…unless the interviewer is 40 pounds overweight and despises fit individuals.
    You might think working for a competitor and being successful in the same position would help unless the interviewer would never hire a competitor’s employee…for whatever reason.
    The solution?
    1. Don’t use a full resume for your first application…you don’t know what is in it that will cause you to be winnowed out.
    2. Reply only to the requirements of the position in your response. Copy each requirement and just under that requirement reply with one or two sentences:
    a. If there are five requirements, reply to each with how you fit, no more than two sentences, one sentence is better. Use the same words, don’t try to impress with your vocabulary.
    b. If you exceed the requirement, don’t state that. For example: If the requirement is: “BA degree required.” You appropriate response should be: “I have a Bachelors Degree in Business.” You DO NOT list that you also have an MBA and MBIS. If it says “Five years of experience.” You can say “I have over five years of experience.” DO NOT reply “I have 30 years of experience.”
    c. If you have similar but not exact experience required you can use two sentences: “I do not have experience with . I do have experience with “yyy” which is very similar and will be able to learn/become expert in .
    3. End, do not add anything else.
    4. Finish: something similar to: “It appears my experience matches all requirements and I am interested in this .
    I was out of work for over a year after 9-11. I spent six months sending out my resume and got about a 6% response. I started using the process above, I got responses in the 80% range with much less work. I also applied to fewer jobs as when I can across two or more requirements I couldn’t meet I dropped that application.
    Since then I’ve used this and, when my rates were in the ‘normal’ range, I got a 90%+ response and was out of work for less than six weeks between jobs.
    Why did this work for me:
    1. Many times employers get many more applications than then can reasonable review. If your response is short, to the point and matches EVERY one of their requirements there is no reason why your application will be weeded out.
    2. Many times employers use an HR person, who does NOT know the job terminology, to review the resumes, if your resume doesn’t appear to meet all the requirements, you will be weeded OUT. Applying with:
    BA degree required.
    I have a BA in Management.
    Experience with .
    I have experience with .

    Does several things:
    1. The reviewer has MUCH fewer paragraphs, sentences, words, bullet points to read. So there is a better chance it will be read.
    2. There reviewer doesn’t have to translate your experience to match to THEIR requirements, you have done that for them.
    3. If they are doing their due diligence and you state you have every requirement, they have to pass you response along.

    Now, when they reply you can adjust your resume to more closely match their requirements.

    The important key here is that you were likely NOT weeded out because of how well you felt you matched to the job as that you were weeded out because of something IN your resume. This process removes that possibility.

    When I had to fill a District HR position we received 300 resumes. I still had a job to do along with working thru three hundred resumes to pick three candidates. I read each resume until I came across something I didn’t like… miss-spelling, too much experience, wrong experience, poor punctuation, poor explanation of experience, anything else that caught my “ah, don’t like that”, I got down to 30 after spending less than a minute each on the other 270.

    Can you guarantee that something in your resume will NOT cause a ‘ah, don’t like that’? response?

    You can by replying ONLY to the requirements.

    If you have questions about modifying your resume or ensuring your interview goes well, let me know.